Daytime Sleepiness and Quality of Sleep in Punjabi Diabetic Population 1051-1055
Upneet Bedi, Assistant Professor,
Department of Physiology,
Punjab Institute of Medical Sciences,
Jalandhar, Punjab, India.
The study was carried out at the medicine outpatient department of Punjab Institute of Medical Sciences Hospital and Medical College Jalandhar to examine the daytime sleepiness and quality of sleep in diabetic population sample. A total number of 201 T2DM patients aged above 20 years of age were taken. The study included information about socio-demographic characteristics including age, sex, income, education level, occupation, and other parameters like height, weight, BP, fasting blood sugar, lipid profile and physical activity and sleeping habits during the past month. Epworth sleepiness score (ESS) and the Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI) have been used to study sleep quality and daytime sleepiness. Chi-square tests were performed to test for differences in proportions of categorical variables between two or more groups. The level p<0.05 was considered as the cut- off value for significance. Of the studied diabetic patients 101 were males and 100 were females. Comparison of sleeping quality using Epworth sleepiness scale(ESS) showed that female diabetic patients had significantly high chances of falling asleep during the day time than men; in terms of watching TV (p = 0.00008), passenger in car (p = 0.0001), lying down to rest in afternoon (p = 0.019), sitting & talking (p = 0.027) and car stopped in traffic (p = 0.00001). However, there existed an insignificant difference between males & females in terms of falling asleep during day while sitting and reading (p = 0.206), sitting inactive in public place (p = 0.109), sitting quietly after lunch (p = 0.28) and ESS score results (p = 0.245) Overall 35% of the diabetic patients were very sleepy during the daytime with 49% men and 50% women. Obesity was significantly higher in diabetic women who had higher chances of daytime sleepiness than men (p = 0.00005). Physical activity was significantly lower in diabetic women with poor sleep compared to men (p = 0.001). This study finding showed that sleep quality was bad in diabetic population and also day time sleepiness was observed in diabetic population.