The Status of Trace Elements after Menopause: A Comparative Study 795-797
Dr. Khushdeep Singh Arora, M.B.B.S., M.D.
Associate Professor, Department of Physiology,
Adesh Institute of Medical Sciences and Research,
Bathinda, Punjab - 151101
Mobile no: 9780042132
Aim: The aim of this study was to determine the status of trace elements in postmenopausal females as compared to that in premenopausal females.
Methods: 100 female subjects were studied, of which 50 were premenopausal (aged 30-40 years) and 50 were postmenopausal (aged 45-55 years, with a permanent cessation of menstruation for more than 1 year). The estimation of the serum levels of zinc (Zn), iron (Fe), copper (Cu), magnesium (Mg) and calcium (Ca) were done in both the groups.
Results: On comparative evaluation, the serum Fe (p <0.05) and the serum Ca (p <0.001) levels were found to be significantly increased,while the serum Cu (p <0.05) and the serum Mg (p <0.05) levels were found to be significantly decreased in the postmenopausal females as compared to the levels in the premenopausal females. However, there was no significant difference in the levels of serum Zn in both the groups (p >0.05).
Conclusion: Postmenopausal females are exposed to greater risk of serum biochemical changes as compared to the premenopausal females, thus leading to an increased risk of osteoporosis and cardiovascular diseases after menopause.