The Role of the Anti-Müllerian Hormone in Female Fertility: A Review 384-387
Kiran Dahiya, 778/28, Bharat Colony, Rohtak, Haryana, India.
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The Anti- Müllerian hormone (AMH) is a recent biomarker for the ovarian reserve. Initially, it was considered mainly in the context of the müllerian regression and the sexual differentiation in males, but its role in ovarian functions is gaining interest very fast. It is mainly expressed in the small antral follicles and its levels decline with the growth in the follicular size. Its capability as a predictor for ovarian response can be utilised to devise a more individualised approach in the patients who opt for assisted reproductive technology (ART). It has an inhibitory effect on the primordial follicular recruitment in the ovary and on the responsiveness of the growing follicles to the follicle stimulating hormone (FSH); thus it is important in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome. This review summarizes the recent findings which concern AMH and its role in the female fertility.