Comparison of the Clinical and Socio- Demographical factors in Pulmonary and Extra Pulmonary Tuberculosis patients in Yemen 191-195
Dr. Gamil Qasem Othman, MSc, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences,
Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 Penang, Malaysia.
E- mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
This study aimed to assess the clinical and socio-demographic factors which were associated with pulmonary and extra pulmonary tuberculosis in Yemen.
A cross-sectional study was carried out among 160 Pulmonary Tuberculosis (PTB) and 160 Extra Pulmonary Tuberculosis (EPTB) patients who were diagnosed and treated in TB centres in Sana’a, the capital city of Yemen. Socio demographical, clinical and laboratory data and types of drug regimens which were used for treatment were collected from TB patients and from the medical records from the TB centres. The risk factors for the EPTB patients and the PTB patients were identified through a structured questionnaire.
The female to male ratio was 1.2 and 1.6 for PTB and EPTB, respectively. The median age for the PTB patients was 29 and it was 30 for the EPTB patients. It was also found that TB patientswith a low educational level amounted to 52% and 48% in the PTB and EPTB groups, respectively. This study illustrated that the majority of smokers were males (64% for PTB and 58% for EPTB), whose ages ranged between 15-54 years in both the PTB and the EPTB groups. This study found that more numbers of extra pulmonary tuberculosis patients were diagnosed in private hospital and clinics (41%) than the pulmonary tuberculosis patients (26%).
More numbers of females and younger patients were seen in both the EPTB and PTB groups. More numbers of extra pulmonary tuberculosis patients were diagnosed in private hospital and clinics than the pulmonary tuberculosis patients. The extra pulmonary patients had less monthly income than the pulmonary TB patients.