Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, ISSN - 0973 - 709X

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Original article / research
Year : 2018 | Month : May | Volume : 12 | Issue : 5 | Page : EC05 - EC09

Endometriosis: A Clinicopathological Study of 29 Cases

M Anantha Satyanarayana, VV Sushma, K Praveen Kumar, V Sudheer Kumar, K Rama Murthy, T Asha

1. Assistant Professor, Department of Pathology, Alluri Sitarama Raju Academy of Medical Sciences, Eluru, Andhra Pradesh, India. 2. Postgraduate Student, Department of Pathology, Alluri Sitarama Raju Academy of Medical Sciences, Eluru, Andhra Pradesh, India. 3. Associate Professor, Department of Pathology, Alluri Sitarama Raju Academy of Medical Sciences, Eluru, Andhra Pradesh, India. 4. Postgraduate Student, Department of Pathology, Alluri Sitarama Raju Academy of Medical Sciences, Eluru, Andhra Pradesh, India. 5. Professor, Department of Pathology, Alluri Sitarama Raju Academy of Medical Sciences, Eluru, Andhra Pradesh, India. 6. Professor and Head, Department of Pathology, Alluri Sitarama Raju Academy of Medical Sciences, Eluru, Andhra Pradesh, India.

Correspondence Address :
Dr. M Anantha Satyanarayana,
Flat N0-SF2, Sai Teja Apartment, Devarakonda Vari Veedhi, Tanuku, West Godavari-534211, Andhra Pradesh, India.
E-mail: ananthsvimspath@gmail.com

Abstract

Introduction: Endometriosis is a chronic inflammatory condition that primarily affects women of reproductive age and it is characterised by the presence of endometrial glands and stroma outside the uterus.

Aim: The aim of the study was to review the cases of endometriosis with varied clinical presentation having one underlying disease and to emphasise the role of Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology (FNAC) in preoperative diagnosis of scar endometriosis.

Materials and Methods: All the cases diagnosed as endometriosis either by FNAC or by histopathology in the Department of Pathology at Alluri Sitarama Raju Academy of Medical Sciences, Eluru, Andhra Pradesh, India were included in the study from the period January 2012 to November 2017. Descriptive data were collected and analysed.

Results: A total of 29 cases with the diagnosis of endometriosis were found. The patient’s age ranged from 20 to 45 years of age, with mean age of 29.4±7.7 and median of 28.8 years. Out of 29 cases, 16 cases (50%) were diagnosed as scar endometriosis involving anterior abdominal wall at Lower Segment Caesarean Section (LSCS) scar site (56.25% by cytology and 43.75% by histopathology), 10 cases (37.5%) were diagnosed as ovarian endometriosis (bilateral in one case), two cases (8.3%) of urinary bladder endometriosis and one case (4.2%) of bowel endometriosis involving sigmoid colon.

Conclusion: A high level of suspicion is required for early diagnosis and intervention of endometriosis, to provide better quality of life and to reduce infertility.

Keywords

Bladder endometriosis, Bowel endometriosis, Ovarian endometriosis, Scar endometriosis

How to cite this article :

M Anantha Satyanarayana, VV Sushma, K Praveen Kumar, V Sudheer Kumar, K Rama Murthy, T Asha. ENDOMETRIOSIS: A CLINICOPATHOLOGICAL STUDY OF 29 CASES. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research [serial online] 2018 May [cited: 2018 Aug 16 ]; 12:EC05-EC09. Available from
http://www.jcdr.net/back_issues.asp?issn=0973-709x&year=2018&month=May&volume=12&issue=5&page=EC05-EC09&id=11460

DOI and Others

DOI: 10.7860/JCDR/2018/35204.11460

Date of Submission: Dec 18, 2017
Date of Peer Review: Jan 31, 2018
Date of Acceptance: Mar 20, 2018
Date of Publishing: May 01, 2018

FINANCIAL OR OTHER COMPETING INTERESTS: None.

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