Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, ISSN - 0973 - 709X

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Original article / research
Year : 2018 | Month : May | Volume : 12 | Issue : 5 | Page : AC01 - AC05

Relationship of Renal Length with Height and Weight of an Individual using Computed Tomography

Lipika Paul, Shweta S Talhar, Jwalant E Waghmare, Sushilkumar Kale, Moreshwar R Shende

1. Resident, Department of Anatomy, Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Wardha, Maharashtra, India. 2. Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy, Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Wardha, Maharashtra, India. 3. Associate Professor, Department of Anatomy, Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Wardha, Maharashtra, India. 4. Professor, Department of Radiodiagnosis, Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Wardha, Maharashtra, India. 5. Professor and Head, Department of Anatomy, Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Wardha, Maharashtra, India.

Correspondence Address :
Dr. Lipika Paul,
Resident, Department of Anatomy, Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Sevagram, Wardha-442102, Maharashtra, India.
E-mail: lipika@mgims.ac.in

Abstract

Introduction: Variety of clinical disorders such as diabetes mellitus, chronic hypertension, renal artery stenosis, chronic renal failure affects the kidney and alters renal length. It also varies according to height, weight, age and ethnicity. So there should be standardised values for renal length to evaluate the pathological condition of kidney.

Aim: To determine the normal range of renal length and also to evaluate the relationship of renal length with body height and body weight of an individual.

Materials and Methods: Abdominal Computed Tomography (CT) scans of 70 individuals between the age of 21-79 years without any renal disease were reviewed and their anthropometric data like height, weight, age and sex were also recorded. Renal length was calculated as the maximum longitudinal length in coronal section parallel to the renal long axis by using CT scan images of abdomen.

Results: The mean renal length of the total study population group was 9.381.08 cm and 9.230.92 cm for left and right kidney respectively. Mean height for the study group was 158.539.64 cm and mean weight was 49.249.77 kg. We found significant relationship between renal length and height of an individual in combined group consisting of both males and females whereas, weight of an individual did not show any significant relationship with renal length when correlation was done in combined group. Moreover, renal length was in negative relationship with age which was statistically significant for total population group (Left kidney p=0.0001, Right kidney p=0.011).

Conclusion: Measurements of renal length plays a vital role in detecting renal abnormalities. Thus, the measurement of renal length is very useful for early diagnosis in urological and nephrological practices. In the present study, renal length has a direct positive relationship with height and significant inverse relationship with age. We also have formulated regression equations to predict the probable renal length with the help of body height and body weight which can be used in routine practices without imposing the patients to the toxic ionising radiation and to the financial stress.

Keywords

Body height, Body weight, Regression equation, Renal measurements

How to cite this article :

Lipika Paul, Shweta S Talhar, Jwalant E Waghmare, Sushilkumar Kale, Moreshwar R Shende. RELATIONSHIP OF RENAL LENGTH WITH HEIGHT AND WEIGHT OF AN INDIVIDUAL USING COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research [serial online] 2018 May [cited: 2018 Aug 20 ]; 12:AC01-AC05. Available from
http://www.jcdr.net/back_issues.asp?issn=0973-709x&year=2018&month=May&volume=12&issue=5&page=AC01-AC05&id=11469

DOI and Others

DOI: 10.7860/JCDR/2018/30503.11469

Date of Submission: May 29, 2017
Date of Peer Review: Jul 25, 2017
Date of Acceptance: Feb 24, 2018
Date of Publishing: May 01, 2018

FINANCIAL OR OTHER COMPETING INTERESTS: None.

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