Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, ISSN - 0973 - 709X

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Original article / research
Year : 2018 | Month : June | Volume : 12 | Issue : 6 | Page : QC14 - QC17

The Relationship between Food Insecurity and Lifestyle in Women with Gestational Diabetes

Mehrafza Gharachorlo, Zohreh Mahmoodi, Kourosh Kabir, Nasibeh Sharifi

1. Midwifery, Department of Consultation on Midwifery, Student Research Committee, Alborz University of Medical Sciences, Karaj, Iran. 2. Assistant Professor, Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Alborz University of Medical Sciences, Karaj, Iran. 3. Clinical Research Center Unit, Madani Hospital, Alborz University of Medical Sciences ,Karaj, Iran. 4. PhD of Reproductive Health, Assistant Professor, Department of midwifery School of Nursing & Midwifery, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran.

Correspondence Address :
Dr. Zohreh Mahmoodi,
Assistant Professor, Social Determinants of Health Research Center , Alborz University of Medical Sciences, Karaj, Iran.


Introduction: Gestational Diabetes (GDM) is among the most prevalent disorders during pregnancy, affecting the health of mothers and infants.

Aim: To explore the relationship between food insecurity and lifestyle among women with GDM.

Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study recruited 120 pregnant women with GDM who were in 24-28 weeks of pregnancy. They referred to gynaecology clinics of Alborz and Kamali Hospitals, Karaj, Iran, in 2017. The samples that had the inclusion criteria were enrolled in the study. Data collection tools included three questionnaires for evaluating Demographic Obstetrics Questionnaires (DOQ), Household Food Security Scale (HFSS) and Lifestyle Questionnaire (LSQ). The data were analysed using descriptive and inferential statistics in SPSS, version 16.0. p-value <0.05 was considered significant.

Results: Most pregnant mothers were food secure or food insecure without hunger. Results indicated that 63.9% of pregnant mothers with GDM who did not have children under 18 years were food secure, while 5.6% were food insecure with moderate hunger. There was a significant relationship between lifestyle and the level of food security in households without children under 18 years (p=0.009).

Conclusion: Food insecurity is a risk factor affecting lifestyle. Therefore, planners must focus on reducing food insecurity, especially among pregnant women.


Food security, Mental health, Physical health, Social health, Sport

How to cite this article :

Mehrafza Gharachorlo, Zohreh Mahmoodi, Kourosh Kabir, Nasibeh Sharifi. THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN FOOD INSECURITY AND LIFESTYLE IN WOMEN WITH GESTATIONAL DIABETES. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research [serial online] 2018 June [cited: 2018 Jun 24 ]; 12:QC14-QC17. Available from

DOI and Others

DOI: 10.7860/JCDR/2018/36071.11630

Date of Submission: Feb 19, 2018
Date of Peer Review: Apr 04, 2018
Date of Acceptance: May 05, 2018
Date of Publishing: Jun 01, 2018


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