Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, ISSN - 0973 - 709X

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Original article / research
Year : 2018 | Month : June | Volume : 12 | Issue : 6 | Page : QC10 - QC13

Optimism, Communication Skills and Its Related Factors in Midwifery Students

Safoura Taheri, Saba Farzi, Azita Tiznobek, Hamid Taghinejad, Nazanin Rezaei, Zainab Suhrabi, Tayebeh Azadi, Mahnaz Shafieian

1. PhD Candidate of Reproductive Health, Department of Midwifery and Reproductive Health, Faculty of Nursing & Midwifery, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; MSc of Midwifery, Department of Midwifery, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran. 2. PhD Student of Nursing, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Isfahan University of Medical Science, Isfahan, Iran. 3. PhD Candidate of Reproductive Health, Department of Midwifery and Reproductive Health, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; MSc of Midwifery, Department of Midwifery, Maternity and Child Care Research Center, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran. 4. Assistant Professor, Department of Nursing, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran.

Correspondence Address :
Mahnaz Shafieian,
Department of Midwifery, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran.
E-mail: sh.mahnaz1@yahoo.com

Abstract

Introduction: Optimism is a tendency towards life and its events. It can affect health via the promotion of social relationships.

Aim: This study aimed at investigating optimism, communication skills, and its related factors in midwifery students.

Materials and Methods: This descriptive-analytic study was conducted during September to December, 2016. Participants were 115 midwifery students from Ilam University of Medical Sciences who were enrolled into this study through census sampling. Data were collected using demographic characteristics, communication skills, and life-orientation questionnaires. Data were analysed using descriptive and analytical statistics in SPSS version 16.

Results: The mean score of communication skills and optimism was 108.9±10.9 and 13.9±3.5, respectively. Pearson’s correlation coefficient showed that there was a direct correlation between communication skill and optimism scores (r=0.477, p<0.001). Analytical statistical analysis showed a direct relation between age and communication scores (p=0.01) and there was a significant relation in the mean score of communication skills in married people than in single ones (p=0.02). Also, there was a significant correlation between optimism score and the level of awareness of the field of study (p<0.001).

Conclusion: In this study, the level of communication skills in midwifery students in Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Iran was moderate and comprehensive training is needed to improve these skills. The level of optimism of life in most midwifery students was relatively good, but more studies are suggested in this regard.

Keywords

Agents, Collegian, Ilam, Intercommunication, Iran, Life orientation

How to cite this article :

Safoura Taheri, Saba Farzi, Azita Tiznobek, Hamid Taghinejad, Nazanin Rezaei, Zainab Suhrabi, et al.. OPTIMISM, COMMUNICATION SKILLS AND ITS RELATED FACTORS IN MIDWIFERY STUDENTS. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research [serial online] 2018 June [cited: 2018 Jun 23 ]; 12:QC10-QC13. Available from
http://www.jcdr.net/back_issues.asp?issn=0973-709x&year=2018&month=June&volume=12&issue=6&page=QC10-QC13&id=11618

DOI and Others

DOI: 10.7860/JCDR/2018/33907.11618

Date of Submission: Sep 25, 2017
Date of Peer Review: Nov 23, 2017
Date of Acceptance: Apr 04, 2018
Date of Publishing: Jun 01, 2018

FINANCIAL OR OTHER COMPETING INTERESTS: As declared above.

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