Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, ISSN - 0973 - 709X

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Original article / research
Year : 2018 | Month : June | Volume : 12 | Issue : 6 | Page : MC01 - MC04

Quality of Life in Patients with Allergic Rhinitis in the North of Iran

Jalali Mir Mohammad, Gerami Hooshang, Soleimani Robabeh, Alizadeh Pegah

1. Professor, Department of Otolaryngology, Rhino-sinus, Ear, and Skull base Diseases Research Center, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran. 2. Associate Professor, Department of Otolaryngology, Rhino-sinus, Ear, and Skull base Diseases Research Center, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran. 3. Associate Professor, Department of Psychiatry, Shafa Hospital, Kavosh Behavioural Cognitive and Addiction Research Center, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran. 4. Otolaryngology Resident, Department of Otolaryngology, Rhino-sinus, Ear, and Skull base Diseases Research Center, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran.

Correspondence Address :
Dr. Soleimani Robabeh,
Associate Professor, Department of Psychiatry, Shafa Hospital, Kavosh Behavioural Cognitive and Addiction Research Center, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran.
E-mail: soleimani.dr@gmail.com

Abstract

Introduction: Allergic Rhinitis (AR) is a chronic disease which affects the quality of life in adult patients. Fatigue, impairment of sleep quality and sexual dysfunction might be manifestations of the quality of life impairment in adults.

Aim: To evaluate different aspects of the quality of life in AR patients compared to control groups.

Materials and Methods: In a cross-sectional study, we enrolled three groups of adult individuals (18-45 years old) who visited hospitals at the Guilan University of Medical Sciences in 2014-2015. The groups included adult patients with AR, Chronic Rhinosinusitis (CRS) and healthy controls. Total 288 subjects (144 males and 144 females) participated in this study. After signing informed consent, participants completed Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), Multidimensional Fatigue Inventory (MFI) and Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) or International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF) questionnaires. A statistical analysis of the material was performed with the use of Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) and chi-square test. Data were analysed using SPSS version 22.0.

Results: The mean age (±SD) of patients with AR, CRS and healthy controls were 34.6 (±6.2), 34.7 (±8.1) and 34.2 (±7.4) years respectively (p=0.8). There was no significant difference in demographic characteristics of participants among three groups in men or women. In comprehensive evaluation of the quality of life of male subjects, patients with AR had significantly lower score in sleep quality and sexual function than CRS patients (6.9 vs. 7.9 for sleep quality, p=0.01; 49.8 vs. 56.0 for sexual function, p<0.001). However, there was no significant difference among various aspects of quality life in the female participants.

Conclusion: The present results showed impaired sleep quality and sexual function in AR patients when compared to patients with rhinosinusitis or healthy controls. The effect of AR on the various aspects of quality life in the male participants was more than females.

Keywords

Fatigue, Hypersensitivity, Sexual function, Sleep

How to cite this article :

Jalali Mir Mohammad, Gerami Hooshang, Soleimani Robabeh, Alizadeh Pegah. QUALITY OF LIFE IN PATIENTS WITH ALLERGIC RHINITIS IN THE NORTH OF IRAN. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research [serial online] 2018 June [cited: 2018 Jun 24 ]; 12:MC01-MC04. Available from
http://www.jcdr.net/back_issues.asp?issn=0973-709x&year=2018&month=June&volume=12&issue=6&page=MC01-MC04&id=11694

DOI and Others

DOI: 10.7860/JCDR/2018/32872.11694

Date of Submission: Sep 24, 2017
Date of Peer Review: Dec 01, 2017
Date of Acceptance: Apr 27, 2018
Date of Publishing: Jun 01, 2018

FINANCIAL OR OTHER COMPETING INTERESTS: NONE.

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