Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, ISSN - 0973 - 709X

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Original article / research
Year : 2018 | Month : June | Volume : 12 | Issue : 6 | Page : KC01 - KC05

Mutual Influence between Dispatchers and Callers: Experience and Perception of Iranian Service Providers

Babak Farzinnia, Hamidreza Khankeh, Davoud Khorasani-Zavareh, Moussa Amiri, Ali Ardalan

1. School of Public Health, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran and Health in Emergency and Disaster Research Center, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, USWR, Tehran, Iran. 2. Health in Emergency and Disaster Research Center, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, USWR, Tehran, Iran and Department of Clinical Science and Education, Karolinskainstitutet, Stockholm, Sweden. 3. Safety Promotion and Injury Prevention Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran and Department of Health in Disaster and Emergency, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran and Department of Clinical Science and Education, KarolinskaInstitutet, Stockholm, Sweden. 4. Amin Police University, Tehran, Iran. 5. Department of Disaster Public Health, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Correspondence Address :
Dr. Hamidreza Khankeh,
Health in Emergency and Disaster research center, University of Social Welfare and Sciences, USWR, Tehran, Iran;
Department of Clinical Science and Education, Karolinskainstitutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
E-mail: hamid.khankeh@ki.se

Abstract

Introduction: In emergencies, where dispatchers are not directly involved at the incident scene, little attention is paid to the adverse events on them. Callerís reactions may influence their decisions. Few studies about human aspects of emergency calls have been conducted but none of them was conducted from Iran.

Aim: To explore mutual influence between dispatchers and callers based on experiences and perceptions of the dispatchers.

Materials and Methods: The present qualitative study utilised constant comparative analysis method, recommended by Corbin and Strauss 2008 and was conducted among 15 Iranian dispatchers using semi structured in-depth interviews, from May 2016 to June 2016. The study participants were selected purposefully from four main emergency call centers in Tehran (Police, Emergency Medical Services, Iranian Red Crescent and Fire Department).

Results: Dispatchers, who have experiences in the dispatch centers and key informants, were selected for interviews. These personnel were employed as dispatchers with at least two years of experience or they were key informants. According to the participantís experiences, mutual influence between dispatchers and callers as the main concept of the study was categorised into three subcategories including human and innovative essence of the emergency dispatcherís job, psychological aspects, and surge of false emergency calls. In Iran, the multiplicity of emergency services along with their emergency numbers negatively affects the mutual influence between dispatchers and callers.

Conclusion: According to the findings, psychosocial support programs should be instituted in call centers not only for dispatchers but also for their family members and callers. Proper use of emergency numbers should become a common sense in the community. Relief agencies should move to create a national emergency number for more coordination between call centers to reduce callerís confusion. There are several factors that cause anxiety in callers and consequently lead to aggression and false calls. These factors require exploration to reduce false calls. Exploring the processes of emergency call centers in Iranian context is suggested for future studies.

Keywords

Call centers, False calls, Perception, Psychosocial support systems, Qualitative research

How to cite this article :

Babak Farzinnia, Hamidreza Khankeh, Davoud Khorasani-Zavareh, Moussa Amiri, Ali Ardalan. MUTUAL INFLUENCE BETWEEN DISPATCHERS AND CALLERS: EXPERIENCE AND PERCEPTION OF IRANIAN SERVICE PROVIDERS. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research [serial online] 2018 June [cited: 2018 Jun 18 ]; 12:KC01-KC05. Available from
http://www.jcdr.net/back_issues.asp?issn=0973-709x&year=2018&month=June&volume=12&issue=6&page=KC01-KC05&id=11639

DOI and Others

DOI: 10.7860/JCDR/2018/35697.11639

Date of Submission: Jan 24, 2018
Date of Peer Review: Feb 24, 2018
Date of Acceptance: May 14, 2018
Date of Publishing: Jun 01, 2018

FINANCIAL OR OTHER COMPETING INTERESTS: None.

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