Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, ISSN - 0973 - 709X

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Original article / research
Year : 2018 | Month : July | Volume : 12 | Issue : 7 | Page : JC04 - JC06

Attitude and Knowledge of Undergraduate Medical Students towards the Use of Animals in Medical Research: An Exploratory Study

Sharmada Nerlekar, Sagar Karia, Devavrat Harshe, Romil Warkari, Avinash Desousa

1. Associate Professor, Department of Pharmacology, Lokmanya Tilak Municipal Medical College, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India. 2. Assistant Professor, Department of Psychiatry, Lokmanya Tilak Municipal Medical College, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India. 3. Assistant Professor, Department of Psychiatry, D.Y. Patil Medical College, Kolhapur, Maharashtra, India. 4. Senior Resident Doctor, Department of Psychiatry, D.Y. Patil Medical College, Kolhapur, Maharashtra, India. 5. Research Associate, Department of Psychiatry, Lokmanya Tilak Municipal Medical College, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.

Correspondence Address :
Dr. Sagar Karia,
Department of Psychiatry, OPD 21, New OPD Building, Lokmanya Tilak Municipal Medical College, Sion, Mumbai-400022, Maharashtra, India.
E-mail: karia777@yahoo.com

Abstract

Introduction: Medical undergraduate courses and medical students have less emphasis on animal research and the various ethical issues surrounding animal research. Animal research plays a vital role in basic medical research and yet undergraduate students know very little about the same.

Aim: To assess the attitude and knowledge of medical undergraduate students towards animal research in general.

Materials and Methods: A total of 152 undergraduate medical students in the final year of their medical studies from two medical colleges (one from Mumbai and one from Kolhapur) were administered a semi-structured questionnaire on attitude and knowledge towards animal research. The questionnaire was validated by three senior researchers and was specially designed for the study. The data were collected and analysed using frequency and percentages.

Results: Only 66(43.42%) students had visited an animal house/animal laboratory in their medical training and 114 (75%) of them had actual experience of handling animals mainly in the form of dissection studies on rats, frogs and guinea pigs. Only 21(13.8%) were aware of ethical guidelines regarding animal research and 23 (15.1%) strongly agreed that ethical aspects of animal research needed stringent regulation in India.

Conclusion: Animal research awareness is scarce in undergraduate medical students and there is a need to incorporate animal research awareness from a medical science point of view in their curriculum to help them develop an understanding of animal research and its ethical dimensions.

Keywords

Animal research, Ethics, Medical undergraduates, Medicine

How to cite this article :

Sharmada Nerlekar, Sagar Karia, Devavrat Harshe, Romil Warkari, Avinash Desousa. ATTITUDE AND KNOWLEDGE OF UNDERGRADUATE MEDICAL STUDENTS TOWARDS THE USE OF ANIMALS IN MEDICAL RESEARCH: AN EXPLORATORY STUDY. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research [serial online] 2018 July [cited: 2018 Jul 16 ]; 12:JC04-JC06. Available from
http://www.jcdr.net/back_issues.asp?issn=0973-709x&year=2018&month=July&volume=12&issue=7&page=JC04-JC06&id=11768

DOI and Others

DOI: 10.7860/JCDR/2018/32260.11768

Date of Submission: Sep 04, 2017
Date of Peer Review: Nov 13, 2017
Date of Acceptance: May 22, 2018
Date of Publishing: Jul 01, 2018

FINANCIAL OR OTHER COMPETING INTERESTS: NONE.

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