Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, ISSN - 0973 - 709X

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Original article / research
Year : 2018 | Month : July | Volume : 12 | Issue : 7 | Page : BC14 - BC17

Adiponectin: Role in Glucose Homeostasis in Relation to BMI in Type 2 Diabetics

Meenu Salaria, Satinder Kaur, Navjot Kaur, Parminder Singh

1. CMO, Department of Clinical Biochemistry, ESIC, Ludhiana, Punjab, India. 2. Associate Prefessor, Department of Biochemistry, Dayanand Medical College and Hospital, Ludhiana, Punjab, India. 3. Professor and Head, Department of Biochemistry, Dayanand Medical College and Hospital, Ludhiana, Punjab, India. 4. Professor and Head, Department of Endocrinology, Dayanand Medical College and Hospital, Ludhiana, Punjab, India.

Correspondence Address :
Dr. Satinder Kaur,
Associate Prefessor, Department of Biochemistry, Dayanand Medical College and Hospital, Civil Lines, Ludhiana-141001, Punjab, India.
E-mail: dr_satinder_kaur@dmch.edu

Abstract

Introduction: Amongst the many adipocytokines discovered in recent times, Adiponectin has drawn much attention for its insulin sensitising, anti-atherogenic and anti-inflammatory actions. Though, Adiponectin is secreted by adipose tissue, its decreased levels are associated with obesity and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM).

Aim: The present investigation was conducted to study the role of Adiponectin in glucose homeostasis in T2DM subjects in relation to Body Mass Index (BMI).

Materials and Methods: Seventy five T2DM patients visiting the Endocrinology OPD of a tertiary care hospital were selected for the study. Patients on thiazolidinediones were not included. They were divided into three groups of 25 each based on BMI. Group A: <25 kg/m2 Group B: 25-29.99 kg/m2 Group C: =30 kg/m2. Waist Hip Ratio (WHR) was recorded. Serum Adiponectin levels were estimated by ELISA, FBS, CRP, HbA1c, insulin and lipid profile was analysed on Cobas 6000 (Roche). Insulin resistance was measured by Homeostasis Model Assessment (HOMA-IR).

Results: A 56% patients had low Adiponectin levels (<10 g/mL), only 10.8% patients had >25 g/mL. Group B patients had lowest levels of Adiponectin (11.868.79 g/mL). FBS, HbA1c, insulin levels and HOMA-IR showed a negative correlation with Adiponectin in all the groups but was significant in group B only (r=-0.555, -0.611, -0.477 and -0.528 respectively). CRP and all the fractions of lipid profile (except HDL) showed negative correlation with Adiponectin in all the groups but it was not significant. HDL levels increased with increase in Adiponectin levels in all the groups.

Conclusion: This study reaffirms the significant role that adipose tissue hormones play in pathophysiology of T2DM. Significant negative correlation of glucose, HbA1c, insulin resistance with Adiponectin noted in overweight diabetics supports the hypothesis that these patients can be potential therapeutic target for drugs increasing Adiponectin levels.

Keywords

Adipocytokines, HOMA-IR, Insulin levels, Waist hip ratio

How to cite this article :

Meenu Salaria, Satinder Kaur, Navjot Kaur, Parminder Singh. ADIPONECTIN: ROLE IN GLUCOSE HOMEOSTASIS IN RELATION TO BMI IN TYPE 2 DIABETICS. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research [serial online] 2018 July [cited: 2018 Jul 21 ]; 12:BC14-BC17. Available from
http://www.jcdr.net/back_issues.asp?issn=0973-709x&year=2018&month=July&volume=12&issue=7&page=BC14-BC17&id=11789

DOI and Others

DOI: 10.7860/JCDR/2018/31378.11789

Date of Submission: Jul 06, 2017
Date of Peer Review: Sep 28, 2017
Date of Acceptance: Apr 14, 2018
Date of Publishing: Jul 01, 2018

FINANCIAL OR OTHER COMPETING INTERESTS: NONE.

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