Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, ISSN - 0973 - 709X

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Original article / research
Year : 2018 | Month : August | Volume : 12 | Issue : 8 | Page : CC21 - CC23

Effect of Yoga on Cardio-Respiratory Health Markers: Physical Fitness Index and Maximum Oxygen Consumption (VO2 Max)

Vishnu D Udhan, Sharadchandra G Wankhede, Sangita R Phatale

1. PhD Scholar, Department of Physiology, MGM Medical College, Aurangabad, Maharashtra, India. 2. Professor, Department of Physiology, MGM Medical College, Aurangabad, Maharashtra, India. 3. Professor, Department of Physiology, MGM Medical College, Aurangabad, Maharashtra, India.

Correspondence Address :
Mr. Vishnu D Udhan,
Department of Physiology, MGM Medical College, N-6, Aurangabad-431003, Maharashtra, India.
E-mail: vishnu.udhan@gmail.com

Abstract

Introduction: Sedentary lifestyle is one of the major Cardio-vascular risk factor. Although, yoga is used as a mind-body exercise to increase physical fitness, data on effectiveness of long-term training of yoga on cardio-respiratory fitness in healthy adults is least available.

Aim: To find out the effect of Yoga practice on Physical Fitness Index (PFI) and Maximum Oxygen Consumption (VO2 max) in healthy adults.

Materials and Methods: A pre-post interventional study was conducted on 200 (120 male and 80 female) healthy subjects. An intervention of Yoga (Asanas, Pranayama and Meditation) for six months (one hour per day, six days per week) was given. Weight, Body Mass Index (BMI), Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR), Physical Fitness Index (PFI) and VO2 max were determined. PFI and VO2 max were determined by using modified Harvard Step Test (HST) and modified Queen’s College Step Test (QST), respectively. Data was collected at baseline and after six months of yoga training. Collected result data was analysed by using paired t-test.

Results: Yoga practice for six months caused significant reduction in weight and BMI (p<0.0001) and significant increase in BMR (p=0.005), PFI (p<0.0001) and VO2 max (p<0.0001).

Conclusion: The findings of this study suggest that yoga is an effective mind-body modality to enhance cardio-respiratory fitness and reduce adiposity in healthy adults.

Keywords

Aerobic capacity, Cardiovascular endurance, Modified harvard step test, Modified queen’s college step test

How to cite this article :

Vishnu D Udhan, Sharadchandra G Wankhede, Sangita R Phatale. EFFECT OF YOGA ON CARDIO-RESPIRATORY HEALTH MARKERS: PHYSICAL FITNESS INDEX AND MAXIMUM OXYGEN CONSUMPTION (VO2 MAX). Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research [serial online] 2018 August [cited: 2018 Aug 14 ]; 12:CC21-CC23. Available from
http://www.jcdr.net/back_issues.asp?issn=0973-709x&year=2018&month=August&volume=12&issue=8&page=CC21-CC23&id=11932

DOI and Others

DOI: 10.7860/JCDR/2018/36819.11932

Date of Submission: Apr 16, 2018
Date of Peer Review: Jun 04, 2018
Date of Acceptance: Jul 02, 2018
Date of Publishing: Aug 01, 2018

FINANCIAL OR OTHER COMPETING INTERESTS: NONE.

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