Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, ISSN - 0973 - 709X

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Original article / research
Year : 2017 | Month : September | Volume : 11 | Issue : 9 | Page : QC08 - QC11

Emergency Peripartum Hysterectomy: A 14-Year Experience at a Tertiary Care Centre in India

S Tahmina, Mary Daniel, Preetha Gunasegaran

1. Associate Professor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Pondicherry Institute of Medical Sciences, Puducherry, India. 2. Professor and Head, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Pondicherry Institute of Medical Sciences, Puducherry, India. 3. Junior Resident, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Pondicherry Institute of Medical Sciences, Puducherry, India.

Correspondence Address :
Dr. S Tahmina,
No.119, 5th Main, 1st Block, BSK 3rd Stage, 3rd Phase, Bangalore-560085, Karnataka, India.
E-mail: dr.tahmina.s@gmail.com

Abstract

Introduction: Emergency Peripartum Hysterectomy (EPH), although relatively infrequent in present day obstetrics, is a life-saving procedure in the event of a massive postpartum haemorrhage.

Aim: To assess incidence, risk factors, indications and complications of peripartum hysterectomies at a tertiary care teaching hospital in India.

Materials and Methods: A retrospective study was conducted at a 650-bedded tertiary care medical teaching hospital in Southern India. All emergency peripartum hysterectomies performed between February 2002 and December 2015 at a tertiary care teaching hospital, were included in the study. Demographic characteristics, risk factors, antepartum, intrapartum and post-partum events, need for blood transfusion, length of stay in intensive care unit and postoperative complications were noted. Data was entered in Microsoft Excel spreadsheet and analysed using SPSS software version 22.0. For categorical variables, data was compiled as frequency and percent. For continuous variables, data was calculated as meanąSD.

Results: Among 16,473 deliveries in the study period, 12 emergency peripartum hysterectomies were undertaken, the incidence being 0.073%. Women were aged 20 to 40 years (mean 30.25 years). Majority (83%) were multiparous women. Atonic postpartum haemorrhage was the most common (58%) indication for hysterectomy. About 67% of hysterectomies performed were subtotal hysterectomies. One half of them had a previous caesarean section. Two patients had bilateral internal iliac artery embolization for ongoing haemorrhage. All patients required intensive care and blood transfusion. Two patients did not survive even after hysterectomy.

Conclusion: Atonic postpartum haemorrhage was the most common reason for performing an emergency peripartum hysterectomy. Women with previous caesarean section are at increased risk, both due to atonic and traumatic postpartum haemorrhage. Regular departmental audits are needed to formulate appropriate protocols to decrease mortality and near-miss events like EPH. Stringent protocols should be instituted for managing obstetric haemorrhage. Although EPH is life-saving, early intervention by a senior obstetrician well versed with conservative procedures may avoid morbidity associated with EPH.

Keywords

Maternal mortality, Obstetric haemorrhage, Uterine atony

How to cite this article :

S Tahmina, Mary Daniel, Preetha Gunasegaran. EMERGENCY PERIPARTUM HYSTERECTOMY: A 14-YEAR EXPERIENCE AT A TERTIARY CARE CENTRE IN INDIA. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research [serial online] 2017 September [cited: 2018 Jan 20 ]; 11:QC08-QC11. Available from
http://www.jcdr.net/back_issues.asp?issn=0973-709x&year=2017&month=September&volume=11&issue=9&page=QC08-QC11&id=10613

DOI and Others

DOI: 10.7860/JCDR/2017/26769.10613

Date of Submission: Jan 15, 2017
Date of Peer Review: Mar 29, 2017
Date of Acceptance: Jun 22, 2017
Date of Publishing: Sep 01, 2017

FINANCIAL OR OTHER COMPETING INTERESTS: None.

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