Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, ISSN - 0973 - 709X

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Original article / research
Year : 2017 | Month : November | Volume : 11 | Issue : 11 | Page : VC05 - VC08

Mental Health and Old Age: A Qualitative Study in Iranian Population

Fariba Tabari, Morteza Khaghanizade, Nahid Dehghan-Nayeri, Soheil Najafi-Mehri

1. Assistant Professor, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. 2. Associate Professor, Behavioral Sciences Research Center, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Science, Tehran, Iran. 3. Professor, School of Nursing and Midwifery Care Research Center, Tehran University, Tehran, Iran. 4. Assistant Professor, Faculty of Nursing, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Correspondence Address :
Dr. Morteza Khaghanizade,
Associate Professor, Behavioral Sciences Research Center, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Science, Tehran, Iran
E-mail: khaghanizade@bmsu.ac.ir

Abstract

Introduction: Health, which usually declines with age, is one of the determinants of quality of life. Mental health disorder is one of the most common health-threatening problems of older age.

Aim: The present qualitative study was conducted with the aim to identify factors that affect the mental health of elderly population.

Materials and Methods: This study was a qualitative study with content analysis approach, conducted on the elderly Iranians in Tehran. Purposive sampling method was used to select 15 elderly Iranians. Semi-structured and in-depth interviews were carried out with 15 elderly Iranians in the parks and homes in 2015. To analyze the data, the content of interviews was typed and entered into MAXQDA software. This software was also used to code the data. The interview began with a main question about their experiences of everyday life, and then, exploratory questions to encourage the participants and access to deeper information were required.

Results: Two themes of “interaction” and “worthiness”, 5 main categories (communication/relationship, empathy/compassion, entertainment/amusement, support and respect), and 15 sub-categories (interpersonal communication, communication with others, communication with God, talking to people, being consulted, being employed, studying and learning, using the media, going to park, family support, social support, social respect, family respect, respect for personal space, and respect for beliefs) were extracted from the data.

Conclusion: The results of this study encourage healthcare providers to identify the factors that influence the sense of worthiness in elderly by keeping continuous contact with them and taking advantage of the unique opportunity they have to interact with them and influence their belief. By designing educational programs, mental disorders can be prevented, that this population may develop.

Keywords

Content analysis, Elderly, Mental hygiene

How to cite this article :

Fariba Tabari, Morteza Khaghanizade, Nahid Dehghan-Nayeri, Soheil Najafi-Mehri. MENTAL HEALTH AND OLD AGE: A QUALITATIVE STUDY IN IRANIAN POPULATION. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research [serial online] 2017 November [cited: 2018 Jan 22 ]; 11:VC05-VC08. Available from
http://www.jcdr.net/back_issues.asp?issn=0973-709x&year=2017&month=November&volume=11&issue=11&page=VC05-VC08&id=10843

DOI and Others

DOI: 10.7860/JCDR/2017/27303.10843

Date of Submission: Feb 05, 2017
Date of Peer Review: Apr 10, 2017
Date of Acceptance: Aug 18, 2017
Date of Publishing: Nov 01, 2017

FINANCIAL OR OTHER COMPETING INTERESTS: None.

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