Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, ISSN - 0973 - 709X

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Original article / research
Year : 2017 | Month : October | Volume : 11 | Issue : 10 | Page : MC01 - MC05

Validation of Self-Reported Hearing Loss Among Multi-Ethnic Community Dwelling older Adults in Malaysia

Wan Syafira Ishak, Siti Zamratol-Mai Sarah Mukari, Nashrah Maamor, Wan Fazlina Wan Hashim

1. Senior Lecturer, Audiology Program, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. 2. Professor, Institute of Ear, Hearing and Speech, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. 3. Senior Lecturer, Audiology Program, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. 4. Audiologist, Hospital Canselor Tuanku Muhriz, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Correspondence Address :
Dr. Wan Syafira Ishak,
Audiology Program, The National University of Malaysia, Jalan Raja Muda Abdul Aziz-50300, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
E-mail: wsyafira@ukm.edu.my

Abstract

Introduction: Little is known about the prevalence of hearing loss and the usefulness of self-report hearing loss among older adults in Malaysia.

Aim: We conducted a population-based study to investigate the prevalence of self-reported hearing problem and its relationship with audiometric hearing thresholds in older adults in Selangor, Malaysia. We also investigated demographic factors that were associated with the self-reported hearing loss.

Materials and Methods: The participants were recruited from Selangor using a multi-stage clustered sampling involving 324 participants aged between 60 to 88-year-old (68.35.9 years). All participants underwent a face-to-face interview and pure tone audiometry. Self-reported hearing loss was obtained using three questions.

Results: The prevalence of self-reported hearing problems was 53.4%. This prevalence did not differ significantly among age group, gender, race and education level (p>0.05). Univariate and logistic regression analyses found that tinnitus and Pure Tone Average (PTA) of at least moderate hearing loss at 0.5 kHz to 4 kHz contributed significantly to the likelihood of self-reported hearing problem. Participants with tinnitus and participants with PTA at least moderate hearing loss at 0.5 kHz to 4 kHz were twice as likely to report hearing problem than their counterparts. The questions yielded poor sensitivity in identifying at least mild loss and moderate sensitivity for at least moderate hearing loss.

Conclusion: The present study highlights the need for a more effective self-report inventory or audiometry instrument that is less sensitive to background noise to better estimate hearing loss prevalence among adults in Malaysia.

Keywords

Self-reported hearing problem, Sensitivity, Specificity, tinnitus

How to cite this article :

Wan Syafira Ishak, Siti Zamratol-Mai Sarah Mukari, Nashrah Maamor, Wan Fazlina Wan Hashim. VALIDATION OF SELF-REPORTED HEARING LOSS AMONG MULTI-ETHNIC COMMUNITY DWELLING OLDER ADULTS IN MALAYSIA. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research [serial online] 2017 October [cited: 2018 Jan 22 ]; 11:MC01-MC05. Available from
http://www.jcdr.net/back_issues.asp?issn=0973-709x&year=2017&month=October&volume=11&issue=10&page=MC01-MC05&id=10756

DOI and Others

DOI: 10.7860/JCDR/2017/28144.10756

Date of Submission: Mar 14, 2017
Date of Peer Review: May 01, 2017
Date of Acceptance: Aug 23, 2017
Date of Publishing: Oct 01, 2017

FINANCIAL OR OTHER COMPETING INTERESTS: None.

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