Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, ISSN - 0973 - 709X

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Original article / research
Year : 2017 | Month : October | Volume : 11 | Issue : 10 | Page : LC01 - LC04

Domestic Violence against Women An Unsolved Issue: A Community Based Study in an Urban Slum of Kolkata, India

Jayita Pal , Tanjib Hassan Mullick , Shamshad Ahmad , Ashish Kumar Yadav

1. Tutor, Department of Community Medicine, ESI-PGIMSR, ESIC Medical College, Joka, Kolkata, India. 2. Tutor, Department of Community Medicine, ESI-PGIMSR, ESIC Medical College, Joka, Kolkata, India. 3. Assistant Professor, Department of Community Medicine, ESI-PGIMSR, ESIC Medical College, Joka, Kolkata, India. 4. Assistant Professor, Department of Community Medicine, ESI-PGIMSR, ESIC Medical College, Joka, Kolkata, India.

Correspondence Address :
Dr. Tanjib Hassan Mullick,
Tutor, Department of Community Medicine, ESI-PGIMSR, ESIC Medical College,
Village- Ekshara, P.O-Chamrail, District- Howrah, Kolkata-711114, India.
E-mail: thmullick@gmail.com

Abstract

Introduction: Domestic Violence against women is still an unsolved issue in India, though, it is an important public health problem contributing to physical, mental illness and low quality of life.

Aim: The study was undertaken with the aim to estimate the prevalence of domestic violence against ever married women in an urban slum and the associated factors contributing to it.

Materials and Methods: A community-based cross-sectional study had been conducted among 430 ever married women of reproductive age group, selected using a systematic random sampling technique in an urban slum of Kolkata. Interviews were conducted using pre-designed, pre-tested semi structured schedule regarding their socio-demographic characteristics, violence experienced by the subjects in their lifetime, type of violence (physical, emotional and sexual violence) and the person responsible for the same. Data were entered and analysed using SPSS 20.0 version.

Results: The overall prevalence of any form of violence in the study population as a whole was (59.3%). The prevalence of physical, emotional, sexual violence was 61.6%, 84.3%and 58.8%, respectively. The occurrence of the event was reported by only 33.1% of the victims. Multivariate analysis revealed violence was higher among women belonging to families with low per capita income (< Rs 3138 per month), with higher spousal age difference (>6 years), low educational background of husband, not able to bear a male child, unemployment amongst both the spouses, leave the household on any pretext without prior permission from husband and where the wives did not attend household activities properly.

Conclusion: The prevalence of domestic violence in urban slum of Kolkata was high which is an alarming public health problem which needs to be addressed at the earliest through awareness programmes and empowerment of women.

Keywords

Female, Poverty areas, Spousal abuse

How to cite this article :

Jayita Pal , Tanjib Hassan Mullick , Shamshad Ahmad , Ashish Kumar Yadav. DOMESTIC VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN AN UNSOLVED ISSUE: A COMMUNITY BASED STUDY IN AN URBAN SLUM OF KOLKATA, INDIA. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research [serial online] 2017 October [cited: 2018 Jan 24 ]; 11:LC01-LC04. Available from
http://www.jcdr.net/back_issues.asp?issn=0973-709x&year=2017&month=October&volume=11&issue=10&page=LC01-LC04&id=10750

DOI and Others

DOI: 10.7860/JCDR/2017/27386.10750

Date of Submission: Feb 08, 2017
Date of Peer Review: Apr 17, 2017
Date of Acceptance: Aug 09, 2017
Date of Publishing: Oct 01, 2017

FINANCIAL OR OTHER COMPETING INTERESTS: None.

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