Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, ISSN - 0973 - 709X

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Original article / research
Year : 2017 | Month : September | Volume : 11 | Issue : 9 | Page : FC01 - FC04

Rapid and Accurate Diagnosis of Acute Pyogenic Meningitis Due to Streptococcus Pneumoniae, Haemophilus Influenzae Type b and Neisseria Meningitis Using A Multiplex PCR Assay

Rajeev Seth, Peela Sree Ramchandra Murthy, Sujatha Sistla, Mahadevan Subramanian, Kadhiravan Tamilarasu

1. Senior Resident, Department of Clinical Microbiology, Rajiv Gandhi Super Speciality Hospital, Tahirpur, Delhi, India 2. Ph.D. Student, Department of Microbiology, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Puducherry, India. 3. Professor and Head, Department of Microbiology, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Puducherry, India. 4. Professor and Head, Department of Pediatrics, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Puducherry, India. 5. Additional Professor, Department of Medicine, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Puducherry, India.

Correspondence Address :
Dr. Sujatha Sistla,
Professor and Head, Department of Microbiology, JIPMER, Gorimedu, Dhanvantri Nagar-605006, Puducherry, India.
E-mail: sujathasistla@gmail.com

Abstract

Introduction: Acute bacterial meningitis is one of the major causes of morbidity and mortality in children and geriatric population, especially in developing countries. Methods of identification are standard culture and other phenotypic tests in many resource poor settings.

Aim: To use molecular methods for the improvement of aetiological diagnosis of acute pyogenic meningitis in patients.

Materials and Methods: CSF samples of 125 patients were included for the study. Gram staining and culture were performed according to standard procedures. Antigen was detected using commercial latex agglutination test kit. Multiplex PCR was performed using previously published primers and protocols. Fischer’s exact test was used for finding association between presence of the disease and clinical/biochemical parameters, considering two tailed p<0.05 as statistically significant. Sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values were calculated using Graphpad QuicCalc software.

Results: A total of 39 cases (31.2%) were confirmed to be of acute pyogenic meningitis based on biochemical methods. Only 10/39 was positive for the three organisms tested. Multiplex PCR was able to detect one additional isolate each of Streptococcus pneumoniae and Haemophilus influenzae type b. When compared with multiplex PCR as the gold standard, culture and latex agglutination tests had same sensitivity (80%), specificity (100%), PPV (100%) and NPV (97.8%), whereas Gram stain had poor sensitivity (40%) and good specificity (95.6%). Detection rates were higher in multiplex PCR for the two organisms Streptococcus pneumoniae and Haemophilus influenzae type b.

Conclusion: Multiplex PCR was more sensitive than culture or antigen detection, and employing this assay can significantly increase the speed and accuracy of identification of the pathogen.

Keywords

Bacterial meningitis, Culture, Gram stain, Latex agglutination test, Multiplex polymerase chain reaction

How to cite this article :

Rajeev Seth, Peela Sree Ramchandra Murthy, Sujatha Sistla, Mahadevan Subramanian, Kadhiravan Tamilarasu. RAPID AND ACCURATE DIAGNOSIS OF ACUTE PYOGENIC MENINGITIS DUE TO STREPTOCOCCUS PNEUMONIAE, HAEMOPHILUS INFLUENZAE TYPE B AND NEISSERIA MENINGITIS USING A MULTIPLEX PCR ASSAY. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research [serial online] 2017 September [cited: 2017 Sep 20 ]; 11:FC01-FC04. Available from
http://www.jcdr.net/back_issues.asp?issn=0973-709x&year=2017&month=September&volume=11&issue=9&page=FC01-FC04&id=10532

DOI and Others

DOI: 10.7860/JCDR/2017/28114.10532

Date of Submission: Mar 04, 2017
Date of Peer Review: Apr 21, 2017
Date of Acceptance: Aug 01, 2017
Date of Publishing: Sep 01, 2017

FINANCIAL OR OTHER COMPETING INTERESTS: As declared above.

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