Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, ISSN - 0973 - 709X

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Original article / research
Year : 2017 | Month : March | Volume : 11 | Issue : 3 | Page : ZC17 - ZC20

Gamma Glutamyl Transpeptidase, Smokeless Tobacco, Chronic Periodontitis: Exploring the Link

Arati C Koregol, Nagaraj B Kalburgi, Apoorva U Kamat Wagh, Shivraj Warad

1. Professor, Department of Periodontics, P.M. Nadagouda Memorial Dental College, Bagalkot, Karnataka, India. 2. Professor, Department of Periodontics, P.M. Nadagouda Memorial Dental College, Bagalkot, Karnataka, India. 3. Postgraduate Student, Department of Periodontics, P.M. Nadagouda Memorial Dental College, Bagalkot, Karnataka, India. 4. Professor, Department of Periodontics, P.M. Nadagouda Memorial Dental College, Bagalkot, Karnataka, India.

Correspondence Address :
Dr. Arati C Koregol,
Professor, Department of Periodontics, P.M. Nadagouda Memorial Dental College and Hospital, Bagalkot-587101, Karnataka India.
E-mail: aratikperio@yahoo.co.in

Abstract

Introduction: Oxidative Stress (OS) is implicated in the pathogenesis of many systemic and oral diseases such as periodontal disease. Smokeless tobacco extract produces apoptosis and causes an imbalance between reactive oxygen species and antioxidants, such as Gamma Glutamyl Transpeptidase (GGT). Epidemiological research implied serum GGT within its normal range to be an early sensitive enzyme related to OS.

Aim: To assess how GGT fares as a biomarker in periodontitis subjects with or without the usage of smokeless tobacco and correlate it with clinical parameters.

Materials and Methods: Ninety subjects were divided into three groups of healthy, chronic periodontitis, and smokeless tobacco users with chronic periodontitis from the dental outpatient department of P.M. Nadagouda Memorial Dental College and Hospital. Serum samples of patients were collected after obtaining consent and analyzed for GGT. Statistical Analysis was performed using ANOVA, and Pearson’s correlation coefficient.

Results: GGT levels were found to be significantly higher in chronic periodontitis patients compared to smokeless tobacco users with chronic periodontitis and healthy subjects.

Conclusion: GGT may be used as a quick, easy and precise marker for measuring OS in patients with chronic periodontitis and smokeless tobacco users.

Keywords

Biomarker, Oxidative stress, Reactive oxygen species

How to cite this article :

Arati C Koregol, Nagaraj B Kalburgi, Apoorva U Kamat Wagh, Shivraj Warad. GAMMA GLUTAMYL TRANSPEPTIDASE, SMOKELESS TOBACCO, CHRONIC PERIODONTITIS: EXPLORING THE LINK. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research [serial online] 2017 March [cited: 2017 Mar 29 ]; 11:ZC17-ZC20. Available from
http://www.jcdr.net/back_issues.asp?issn=0973-709x&year=2017&month=March&volume=11&issue=3&page=ZC17-ZC20&id=9476

DOI and Others

DOI: 10.7860/JCDR/2017/23598.9476

Date of Submission: Aug 17, 2016
Date of Peer Review: Oct 19, 2016
Date of Acceptance: Dec 04, 2016
Date of Publishing: Mar 01, 2017

Financial OR OTHER COMPETING INTERESTS: None.

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