Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, ISSN - 0973 - 709X

Users Online : 11028

Original article / research
Year : 2017 | Month : March | Volume : 11 | Issue : 3 | Page : NC09 - NC13

Posterior Chamber Scleral Fixation of Intraocular Lenses in Post-Vitrectomised Aphakic Eyes

Francis Kwasi Obeng, Vipan Kumar Vig, Preetam Singh, Rajbir Singh, Bodhraj Dhawan, Nikhil Sahajpal

1. Long Term Vitreoretinal Fellow, Department of Vitreoretinal, Sardar Bahadur Dr. Sohan Singh Eye Hospital, Amritsar, Punjab, India. 2. Consultant Vitreoretinal Surgeon, Department of Vitreoretinal, Member Vitreoretinal Society of India, Sardar Bahadur Dr. Sohan Singh Eye Hospital, Amritsar, Punjab, India. 3. Consultant Vitreoretinal Surgeon, Department of Vitreoretinal, Member Vitreoretinal Society of India, Sardar Bahadur Dr. Sohan Singh Eye Hospital, Amritsar, Punjab, India. 4. Consultant Vitreoretinal Surgeon, Department of Vitreoretinal, Member American Academy of Ophthalmology, Sardar Bahadur Dr. Sohan Singh Eye Hospital, Amritsar, Punjab, India. 5. Consultant Vitreoretinal Surgeon, Department of Vitreoretinal, NKP Salve Institute of Medical Sciences, Hingna, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India. 6. Medical Statistician, Department of Medical Statistics, Sardar Bahadur Dr. Sohan Singh Eye Hospital, Amritsar, Punjab, India.

Correspondence Address :
Dr. Francis Kwasi Obeng,
Eye Department, 37 Military Hospital, Accra, Ghana-West Africa.
E-mail: fobeng37@yahoo.com

Abstract

Introduction: Obesity is accompanied by restriction in the quality of life and an increased risk of morbidity and mortality. Cardiovascular, orthopedic, and metabolic disorders are among the possible consequences. In the management of obesity, a combination therapy that includes dietary, exercise, and behaviour modules has proven its worth.

Aim: To evaluate the effect of weight-associated parameters, circulation associated parameters, glucose metabolism, body composition and life quality changes within a four-week inpatient rehabilitation program.

Materials and Methods: Fifty-two patients underwent a 4-week inpatient rehabilitation program consisting of nutrition therapy, behavioural therapy and exercise therapy modules at the Eleonoren Clinic of Winterkasten, Germany.

Results: The mean weight reduction of 52 obese patients 40 (76.9%) males, 12 (23.1%) females; mean age 46 years; mean Body Mass Index (BMI) 43,79 kg/mē) achieved was 7.1 kg (from 1.20 kg to 17.50 kg), and the BMI reduction was 2.3 kg/mē (from 0.40 kg/mē to 5.40 kg/mē). The excessive weight loss was highly significant (p<0.001). Weight reduction was accompanied by an improvement in the diabetic metabolic state (lowering of fasting blood-glucose 20 mg/dl, postprandial blood glucose 26 mg/dl, HbA1c 0.27%). In all 73% of the patients suffered from arterial hypertonia. The significant mean decline of systolic and diastolic blood pressure was 12.8 mmHg and 6.8 mmHg, respectively. The resting pulse was reduced by an average of 11 beats per minute. The Bioelectric Impedance Analysis (BIA) revealed a significant reduction of body fat content (p<0.001). The subjective impression of impaired life quality (SF-36 questionnaire) improved significantly.

Conclusion: The study clearly shows that the inpatient rehabilitation program at the Eleonoren Clinic was suitable to enhance the physical and mental state of people with obesity. In a two-year follow-up program the patients should take care of a permanent lifestyle change toward an improved dietary, movement and health behaviour

Keywords

Aphakia correction, Lens, Scleral fixated intraocular lens, Vitrectomy

How to cite this article :

Francis Kwasi Obeng, Vipan Kumar Vig, Preetam Singh, Rajbir Singh, Bodhraj Dhawan, Nikhil Sahajpal. POSTERIOR CHAMBER SCLERAL FIXATION OF INTRAOCULAR LENSES IN POST-VITRECTOMISED APHAKIC EYES. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research [serial online] 2017 March [cited: 2017 Mar 24 ]; 11:NC09-NC13. Available from
http://www.jcdr.net/back_issues.asp?issn=0973-709x&year=2017&month=March&volume=11&issue=3&page=NC09-NC13&id=9533

DOI and Others

DOI: 10.7860/JCDR/2017/20989.9533

Date of Submission: Apr 27, 2016
Date of Peer Review: May 24, 2016
Date of Acceptance: Nov 23, 2016
Date of Publishing: Mar 01, 2017

Financial OR OTHER COMPETING INTERESTS: None.

JCDR is now Monthly and more widely Indexed .
  • PubMed CentralŪ (PMC)New
  • Academic Search Complete Database
  • Chemical Abstracts Service
  • Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ)
  • EBSCOhostNew
  • Embase & EMbiology
  • Google Scholar
  • HINARI Access to Research in Health Programme
  • Indian Science Abstracts (ISA)
  • Journal seek Database
  • Open J-Gate
  • Popline (reproductive health literature)
  • SCOPUS
  • www.omnimedicalsearch.com