Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, ISSN - 0973 - 709X

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Case report
Year : 2017 | Month : April | Volume : 11 | Issue : 4 | Page : ZD30 - ZD32

A Rare Case of Digoxin Associated Gingival Overgrowth

Sanjeela Rakshith Guru, Aparnna Suresh, Shyam Padmanabhan, Adithya Reddy

1. Reader, Department of Periodontics, Vydehi Institute of Dental Sciences and Research Centre, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India. 2. Senior Lecturer, Department of Periodontics, Vydehi Institute of Dental Sciences and Research Centre, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India. 3. Professor and Head, Department of Periodontics, Vydehi Institute of Dental Sciences and Research Centre,Bengaluru, Karnataka, India. 4. Postgraduate Student, Department of Periodontics, Vydehi Institute of Dental Sciences and Research Centre, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.

Correspondence Address :
Dr. Sanjeela Rakshith Guru,
Reader, Department of Periodontics, Vydehi Institute of Dental Sciences and Research Centre,
# 82, EPIP Area, Whitefield, Bengaluru-560066, Karnataka, India.
E-mail: sanjeelaguru@yahoo.co.in

Abstract

This case report presents a case of drug induced gingival overgrowth in a 28-year-old female patient with history of Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) and was prescribed digoxin in combination with furosemide and acitrom for the same. On clinical examination, the patient presented with severe gingival overgrowth. The volume of enlargement seen did not correlate solely with the diagnosis of inflammatory Gingival Enlargement (GE), hence an added drug induced component to the Gingival Overgrowth (GO) was suspected. It was decided to treat the condition using initial therapy {meticulous Scaling and Root Planning (SRP)} followed by a period of observation and maintenance. On recall, since there was no marked improvement, surgical intervention was planned. Periodic treatment combining surgery and maintenance ultimately produced the desired results clinically. Thus, this article within limits highlights that because of time-relationship between the starting of the medication that is digoxin and manifestation of GO, a causal relationship is likely.

Keywords

Coronary artery disease, Gingival hyperplasia, Periodontitis

How to cite this article :

Sanjeela Rakshith Guru, Aparnna Suresh, Shyam Padmanabhan, Adithya Reddy. A RARE CASE OF DIGOXIN ASSOCIATED GINGIVAL OVERGROWTH. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research [serial online] 2017 April [cited: 2017 Apr 25 ]; 11:ZD30-ZD32. Available from
http://www.jcdr.net/back_issues.asp?issn=0973-709x&year=2017&month=April&volume=11&issue=4&page=ZD30-ZD32&id=9729

DOI and Others

DOI: 10.7860/JCDR/2017/25858.9729


Date of Submission: Dec 06, 2016
Date of Peer Review: Jan 28, 2017
Date of Acceptance: Mar 06, 2017
Date of Publishing: Apr 01, 2017


Financial OR OTHER COMPETING INTERESTS: None.

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