Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, ISSN - 0973 - 709X

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Original article / research
Year : 2017 | Month : April | Volume : 11 | Issue : 4 | Page : ZC01 - ZC04

Effectiveness of Various Endodontic Irrigants on the Micro-Hardness of the Root Canal Dentin: An in vitro Study

Suparna Ganguly Saha, Vini Sharma, Anuj Bharadwaj, Poorvi Shrivastava, Mainak Kanti Saha, Sandeep Dubey, Shubham Kala, Shubhra Gupta

1. Professor and Head, Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, College of Dental Science and Hospital, Rau, Indore, Madhya Pradesh, India. 2. Postgraduate Student, Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, College of Dental Science and Hospital, Rau, Indore, Madhya Pradesh, India. 3. Reader, Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, College of Dental Science and Hospital, Rau, Indore, Madhya Pradesh, India. 4. Postgraduate Student, Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, College of Dental Science and Hospital, Rau, Indore, Madhya Pradesh, India. 5. Professor and Head, Department of Prosthodontics, College of Dental Science and Hospital, Rau, Indore, Madhya Pradesh, India. 6. Senior Lecturer, Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, College of Dental Science and Hospital, Rau, Indore, Madhya Pradesh, India.

Correspondence Address :
Dr. Vini Sharma,
304 Brajeshwari Tower Navlakha Square Indore, Indore-452001, Madhya Pradesh, India.
E-mail: sharmaviny1@gmail.com

Abstract

Introduction: Irrigating solutions used for the elimination of micro-organisms during root canal preparation may affect the chemical and the physical properties of dentin thereby rendering the tooth more susceptible to fracture. Therefore careful and judicious selection of irrigant is required which have maximum benefits with minimum undesirable properties.

Aim: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of various endodontic irrigants on the micro-hardness of the root canal dentin.

Materials and Methods: This in vitro study was carried out on eighty freshly extracted mandibular premolars with single canals. They were decoronated at the cemento-enamel junction. Roots were sectioned longitudinally into two halves. They were then polished and placed in autopolymerised resin moulds with the polished surface facing outside. The samples were divided into four groups based on the irrigants in which they were immersed i.e., 3% Sodium Hypochlorite (3% NaOCl), 17% Ethylene Dioxide Tetra Acetic Acid (17% EDTA), 0.2% Chitosan and 6% Morindacitrifolia Juice (MCJ) for 15 minutes each. All the specimens were then subjected to micro-hardness testing using a Vickers micro-hardness tester. Statistical analysis was done using one way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA), Post-Hoc Tukey test and Paired t-test to compare the pre and post immersion micro-hardness values of the selected samples.

Results: The results of the present study indicated that 17% EDTA and 0.2% Chitosan, significantly decreased the micro-hardness of root dentin whereas 6% MCJ and 3% NaOCl had no significant effect on the microhardness before and after immersing in the irrigants.

Conclusion: A 6% MCJ and 3% NaOCl which have significant antibacterial, antifungal, anti-inflammatory and smear layer removing properties showed negligible effect on the micro-hardness of root canal dentin making them suitable endodontic irrigating solution.

Keywords

Chitosan, Dentinal wall, EDTA, Morindacitrifolia, Sodium hypochlorite, Vickers micro-hardness tester

How to cite this article :

Suparna Ganguly Saha, Vini Sharma, Anuj Bharadwaj, Poorvi Shrivastava, Mainak Kanti Saha, Sandeep Dubey, et al.. EFFECTIVENESS OF VARIOUS ENDODONTIC IRRIGANTS ON THE MICRO-HARDNESS OF THE ROOT CANAL DENTIN: AN IN VITRO STUDY. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research [serial online] 2017 April [cited: 2017 May 23 ]; 11:ZC01-ZC04. Available from
http://www.jcdr.net/back_issues.asp?issn=0973-709x&year=2017&month=April&volume=11&issue=4&page=ZC01-ZC04&id=9472

DOI and Others

DOI: 10.7860/JCDR/2017/24018.9472



Date of Submission: Sep 07, 2016
Date of Peer Review: Oct 05, 2016
Date of Acceptance: Jan 02, 2017
Date of Publishing: Apr 01, 2017


Financial OR OTHER COMPETING INTERESTS: None.

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