Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, ISSN - 0973 - 709X

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Original article / research
Year : 2017 | Month : April | Volume : 11 | Issue : 4 | Page : QC11 - QC14

The Effect of Metoclopramide Addition to Lidocaine on Pain of Patients with Grades II and III Post-Episiotomy Repair

Sheida Shabanian, Sara Kalbasi, Gholamreza Shabanian, Bahram Khoram, Forozan Ganji

1. Assistant Professor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, Iran. 2. Gynaecologist, Ardestan Hospital, Ardestan University of Medical Sciences, Ardestan, Iran. 3. Assistant Professor, Department of Anaesthesiology, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, Iran. 4. Anesthesiologist, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, Iran. 5. Associate Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, Iran.

Correspondence Address :
Dr. Sara Kalbasi,
Ardestan Hospital, Ardestan University of Medical Sciences, Ardestan, Iran.
E-mail: kalbasisara@yahoo.com

Abstract

Introduction: Episiotomy is the most common procedure used for dilatation of the vaginal opening for giving birth. Although episiotomy is associated with benefits for the mother, it may lead to short term and long term disabilities, including postpartum perineal pain that is secondary to perineal tearing.

Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of subcutaneous lidocaine compared with lidocaine and metoclopramide on pain after episiotomy.

Materials and Methods: In this clinical trial study, the patients (83 for control group and 83 for case group) with episiotomy Grades II and III were enrolled and were asked to express their postpartum episiotomy pain as a number, from zero (no pain) to 10 (severest pain) Visual Analogue Scale (VAS score) at 0, 30 minute, 1 hour, 2 hour, 4 hour, 6 hour and 12 hour postpartum. Patients at the second stage of labour (crowning) were assigned to two groups: In the control group, 5 cc lidocaine 2% and in the case group, 5 cc lidocaine + 10 mg metoclopramide was injected for episiotomy. Then, the pain score was compared between the two groups. The data were analyzed by t-test and chi-square test with software SPSS version 20.0.

Results: Mean age of the women was 23.19±0.46 years in the control group and 23.96±0.58 years in the case group with no significant difference between the two groups (p<0.05). The mean pain score in the control group was 3.54±0.71 and in the case group 2.93±0.91 at 30 minutes after the injection, with a statistically significant difference. At other intervals, postnatal pain scores in the case group was lower than those of the control group (p<0.05).

Conclusion: Injection of metoclopramide with lidocaine is more effective than lidocaine alone for relieving the pain after episiotomy.

Keywords

Perineal pain, Plazil, Visual analogue scale (VAS)

How to cite this article :

Sheida Shabanian, Sara Kalbasi, Gholamreza Shabanian, Bahram Khoram, Forozan Ganji. THE EFFECT OF METOCLOPRAMIDE ADDITION TO LIDOCAINE ON PAIN OF PATIENTS WITH GRADES II AND III POST-EPISIOTOMY REPAIR. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research [serial online] 2017 April [cited: 2017 Apr 24 ]; 11:QC11-QC14. Available from
http://www.jcdr.net/back_issues.asp?issn=0973-709x&year=2017&month=April&volume=11&issue=4&page=QC11-QC14&id=9657

DOI and Others

DOI: 10.7860/JCDR/2017/18420.9657

Date of Submission: Dec 19, 2015
Date of Peer Review: Jan 08, 2016
Date of Acceptance: Jun 07, 2016
Date of Publishing: Apr 01, 2017


Financial OR OTHER COMPETING INTERESTS: None.

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