Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, ISSN - 0973 - 709X

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Original article / research
Year : 2017 | Month : April | Volume : 11 | Issue : 4 | Page : LC01 - LC04

AUDIT (Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test) to Estimate the Pattern and Correlates of Alcohol Consumption among the Adult Population of West Bengal, India: A Community Based Cross-sectional Study

Arkaprabha Sau

1. Junior Resident, Community Medicine, R.G. Kar Medical College and Hospital, Kolkata, West Bengal, India.

Correspondence Address :
Dr. Arkaprabha Sau
Kanakpur, Panskura R.S, Panskura, West Bengal-721152, India.
E-mail: arka.doctor@gmail.com

Abstract

Introduction: Pattern of alcohol consumption substantially changed in India with in last 20 to 25 years. Excessive alcohol consumption is a major risk factor for various morbidity and mortality. So, scientific study to identify alcohol consumption patterns and its correlates will be helpful to formulate preventive strategies.

Aim: To estimate the pattern of alcohol consumption and to determine its correlates, among the adult population of the state of West Bengal in India.

Materials and Methods: A community based cross-sectional study was conducted among the adult population of the state of West Bengal at Gram Panchayat (GP) level. Ninety-nine (n=99) adult (= 18 years) men and women of Guchati GP at Paschim Medinipur district, was selected using Lot Quality Assurance Sampling (LQAS) technique. The study participants were interviewed using a pre-designed and pre-tested schedule.

Results: It was estimated that the prevalence of low risk drinking or abstinence (Zone I) was 65.5% (95% CI 55.5% to 75.5%) and the prevalence of alcohol use in excess of low-risk (Zone II) was 17.6% (95% CI 7.6% to 27.6%), and the prevalence of harmful and hazardous drinking (Zone III) was 8.5% (95% CI 0% to 18.5%) and the prevalence alcohol dependence (Zone-IV) was 8.4% (0% to 18.4%). Logistic regression model shows that “gender” (p = 0.00) and “employment status” (p = 0.01) added significantly to the model with adjusted odds ratio of 82.27 (95% CI 18.17-372.58) and 0.13 (0.03–0.66).

Conclusion: There is a need for comprehensive screening and treatment programme to deal with the problems of Alcohol Use Disorders among adults to achieve good health and well being for sustainable development.

Keywords

Alcohol dependence, Geographic information system, Lot quality assurance sampling

How to cite this article :

Arkaprabha Sau. AUDIT (ALCOHOL USE DISORDERS IDENTIFICATION TEST) TO ESTIMATE THE PATTERN AND CORRELATES OF ALCOHOL CONSUMPTION AMONG THE ADULT POPULATION OF WEST BENGAL, INDIA: A COMMUNITY BASED CROSS-SECTIONAL STUDY. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research [serial online] 2017 April [cited: 2017 Jun 23 ]; 11:LC01-LC04. Available from
http://www.jcdr.net/back_issues.asp?issn=0973-709x&year=2017&month=April&volume=11&issue=4&page=LC01-LC04&id=9559

DOI and Others

DOI: 10.7860/JCDR/2017/23587.9559

Date of Submission: Aug 17, 2016
Date of Peer Review: Nov 29, 2016
Date of Acceptance: Dec 23, 2016
Date of Publishing: Apr 01, 2017

Financial OR OTHER COMPETING INTERESTS: None.

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