Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, ISSN - 0973 - 709X

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Year : 2016 | Month : May | Volume : 10 | Issue : 5 | Page : ZE01 - ZE07

The Clinical Effectiveness of Post-Brushing Rinsing in Reducing Plaque and Gingivitis: A Systematic Review

Monika Prasad, Basavaraj Patthi, Ashish Singla, Ritu Gupta, Chandrasheker Jankiram, Jishnu Krishna Kumar, Vaibhav Vashishtha, Ravneet Malhi

1. Tutor, Department of Public Health Dentistry, D.J College of Dental Sciences & Research, Ghaziabad, India. 2. Professor and Head, Department of Public Health Dentistry, D.J College of Dental Sciences & Research, Ghaziabad, India. 3. Reader, Department of Public Health Dentistry, D.J College of Dental Sciences & Research, Ghaziabad, India. 4. Senior Lecturer, Department of Public Health Dentistry, D.J College of Dental Sciences & Research, Ghaziabad, India. 5. Professor and Head, Department of Public Health Dentistry, Amrita School of Dental Sciences, Ghaziabad, India. 6. Tutor, Department of Public Health Dentistry, D.J College of Dental Sciences & Research, Ghaziabad, India. 7. Tutor, Department of Public Health Dentistry, D.J College of Dental Sciences & Research, Ghaziabad, India. 8. Tutor, Department of Public Health Dentistry, D.J College of Dental Sciences & Research, Ghaziabad, India.

Correspondence Address :
Dr. Monika Prasad,
Graduate Student, Department of Public Health Dentistry. D.J College of Dental Sciences & Research,
Ajit Mahal, Niwari Road, Modinagar, Ghaziabad-201204, India.
E-mail : monika31p@gmail.com

Abstract

Introduction: Dental plaque is the major etiological factor associated with the development of gingivitis. Hence, maintenance of oral hygiene is very essential.

Aim:To systematically review the literature on the effects of a post toothbrushing rinsing on plaque and parameters of gingival inflammation.

Materials and Methods: A literature review was performed in PubMed Central and Cochrane library, embase, google scholar were searched up to February 2015 to identify appropriate studies. The primary outcome measure was plaque and gingival inflammation reduction.

Results: Out of the total 56 titles appeared, 08articles fulfilled the criteria and were selected for the review. One article which was hand searched and one article which was through e-mail was included. A statistically significant reduction in overall plaque and gingivitis was noted when different mouth rinses were compared to the control (p<0.05). It was seen that chlorhexidine is the best antiplaque and antigingivitis agent but due to its side effects after continuous use, was not indicated for long term use. Probiotic was superior to chlorhexidine in terms of reduction of gingival inflammation.

Conclusion: There are relatively few studies evaluating the association between post toothbrushing rinsing and gingivitis. A clear effect was observed, indicating that different mouthrinses (chlorhexidine, probiotic, herbal, essential oil mouthrinse) when used as an adjunct to mechanical means of oral hygiene, provides an additional benefit with regard to plaque and gingivitis reduction as compared to a placebo or control.

Keywords

Dental plaque, Gingival diseases, Mouthwashes, Toothbrushing

How to cite this article :

Monika Prasad, Basavaraj Patthi, Ashish Singla, Ritu Gupta, Chandrasheker Jankiram, Jishnu Krishna Kumar, et al.. THE CLINICAL EFFECTIVENESS OF POST-BRUSHING RINSING IN REDUCING PLAQUE AND GINGIVITIS: A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research [serial online] 2016 May [cited: 2018 Apr 26 ]; 10:ZE01-ZE07. Available from
http://www.jcdr.net/back_issues.asp?issn=0973-709x&year=2016&month=May&volume=10&issue=5&page=ZE01-ZE07&id=7708

DOI and Others

DOI: 10.7860/JCDR/2016/16960.7708



Date of Submission: Sep 23, 2015
Date of Peer Review: Nov 18, 2015
Date of Acceptance: Dec 11, 2015
Date of Publishing: May 01, 2016

Financial OR OTHER COMPETING INTERESTS: None.

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