Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, ISSN - 0973 - 709X

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Original article / research
Year : 2016 | Month : May | Volume : 10 | Issue : 5 | Page : ZC24 - ZC28

Linear Odontometric Analysis of Permanent Dentition as A Forensic Aid: A Retrospective Study

Sharlene Sara Babu, Sunil Sukumaran Nair, Devi Gopakumar, Nisha Kurian, Arjun Parameswar, Tibinkai Thappillil Baby

1. Reader, Department of Oral & Maxillofacial Pathology, Pushpagiri College of Dental Sciences, Kerala, India. 2. Professor and Head, Department of Oral & Maxillofacial Pathology, Pushpagiri College of Dental Sciences, Kerala, India. 3. Senior Lecturer, Department of Oral Medicine & Radiology, Noorul Islam College of Dental Sciences, Kerala, India. 4. Assistant Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Pushpagiri Institute of Medical Science & Research Centre, Kerala, India. 5. Senior Lecturer, Department of Oral & Maxillofacial Pathology, Pushpagiri College of Dental Sciences, Kerala, India. 6. Senior Lecturer, Department of Oral & Maxillofacial Pathology, Pushpagiri College of Dental Sciences, Kerala, India.

Correspondence Address :
Dr. Sharlene Sara Babu,
Reader, Department of Oral & Maxillofacial Pathology, Pushpagiri College of Dental Sciences, Kerala, India.
E-mail: dr_sharlene@rediffmail.com

Abstract

Introduction: Sex determination in forensic anthropology is an essential step for medico-legal purposes and crucial for identification as the number of possible matches is reduced to 50%.Teeth are an excellent material for anthropological, genetic, odontological and forensic investigations as they are known to resist a variety of ante-mortem and post-mortem insults. Sexual dimorphism in tooth size and the accuracy of odontometric sex prediction is found to vary in different population and therefore it is necessary to determine specific population values in order to make identification possible. Hence, the present study was undertaken to evaluate the existence of sexual dimorphism in South Kerala population.

Aim: To evaluate and estimate the degree of odontometric sexual dimorphism in all permanent teeth except third molars and the variations in odontometric dimensions between the left and right side teeth of the maxillary and mandibular arches in male and female groups.

Materials and Methods: The MesioDistal (MD) and BuccoLingual (BL) measurements of 28 teeth were estimated from the preorthodontic casts of 132 subjects; male group (66 males) and female group (66 females) of age range 15-25 years using digital Verniersí Caliper. The data obtained were analysed using SPSS version 17 and the Studentsí t-test for two independent samples.

Results: The MesioDistal (MD) and BuccoLingual (BL) parameters of all permanent teeth in the study group showed sexual dimorphism. Over 39% of the tooth variables showed reverse dimorphism. The comparison of mean values of MD and BL diameters of the maxillary and mandibular, right and left side teeth in male and female groups showed statistical significance in males whereas females show non-significant values in both MD and BL diameters.

Conclusion: The study showed a varied percentage of sexual dimorphism and variation in the mean values of MD and BL dimensions in males, but not in females between right and left side teeth of the maxillary and mandibular arches of the study population.

Keywords

Buccolingual, Forensic, Mesiodistal, Odontometry, Sexual dimorphism

How to cite this article :

Sharlene Sara Babu, Sunil Sukumaran Nair, Devi Gopakumar, Nisha Kurian, Arjun Parameswar, Tibinkai Thappillil Baby. LINEAR ODONTOMETRIC ANALYSIS OF PERMANENT DENTITION AS A FORENSIC AID: A RETROSPECTIVE STUDY. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research [serial online] 2016 May [cited: 2018 Jan 21 ]; 10:ZC24-ZC28. Available from
http://www.jcdr.net/back_issues.asp?issn=0973-709x&year=2016&month=May&volume=10&issue=5&page=ZC24-ZC28&id=7741

DOI and Others

DOI: 10.7860/JCDR/2016/18677.7741


Date of Submission: Jan 02, 2016
Date of Peer Review: Feb 11, 2016
Date of Acceptance: Mar 18, 2016
Date of Publishing: May 01, 2016


Financial OR OTHER COMPETING INTERESTS: None.

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