Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, ISSN - 0973 - 709X

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Original article / research
Year : 2016 | Month : May | Volume : 10 | Issue : 5 | Page : RC11 - RC13

Outcome Analysis of Hemiarthroplasty vs. Total Hip Replacement in Displaced Femoral Neck Fractures in the Elderly

Vipin Sharma, Bhanu Awasthi, Krishna Kumar, Navneet Kohli, Punit Katoch

1. Associate Professor, Department of Orthopaedics, Dr. Rajendra Prasad Government Medical College, Himachal Pradesh, India. 2. Professor and Head, Department of Orthopaedics, Dr. Rajendra Prasad Government Medical College, Himachal Pradesh, India. 3. Student, Department of Orthopaedics, Dr. Rajendra Prasad Government Medical College, Himachal Pradesh, India. 4. Student, Department of Orthopaedics, Dr. Rajendra Prasad Government Medical College, Himachal Pradesh, India. 5. Student, Department of Orthopaedics, Dr. Rajendra Prasad Government Medical College, Himachal Pradesh, India.

Correspondence Address :
Dr. Vipin Sharma,
H No. 23, Type 5, Block B, Dr RPGMC,Tanda.
E-mail: vipinsh_hp@rediffmail.com

Abstract

Introduction: Management of displaced fracture neck femur in the elderly population is frequently done by Hemiarthroplasty or Total Hip Replacement (THR). It avoids high rates of nonunion and avascular necrosis which usually occur after internal fixation of neck femur fractures in this age group.

Aim: The present study aimed to evaluate patient function and complications following hemiarthroplasty and total hip replacement in elderly population with displaced femoral neck fractures.

Materials and Methods: Patients above 60 years of age with displaced fracture neck femur were studied over the period of four years. All the clinical parameters and co-morbid conditions were noted at the time of presentation. The patients associated with co-morbid conditions and underlying pathology were excluded from study. Gardenís classification was used for classification of neck femur fractures. After due informed consent patients of displaced fracture neck femur were randomized by simple randomization and allocated for hemiarthroplasty or THR. Antibiotics were given preoperatively at the time of induction and postoperatively for 5-7 days. Surgery was carried out by Modified Gibson approach. Any complications during pre and postoperative period were noted. Follow-up of patients was done 1 month, 3 months, 6 months and 1 year interval with the help of Harris hip score.

Results: Total 80 patients were enrolled in the study group, with 40 patients in each group. The mean age of patients was 73 years in hemiarthroplasty group and 78 years in THR group. Female to male ratio was 55:45. Mean operative time was 35 minutes in hemiarthroplasty group and 45 minutes in THR. Average intraoperative blood loss was 200cc and 300cc in hemiarthroplasty and THR respectively. The mean hospital stay was 14 days in both the groups. Superficial wound infection was noted in hemiarthroplasty group while in THR group deep wound infection (n=1) and prolonged ICU stay (n=1) were noted. The mean Harris hip score was better in THR group as compared to Hemiarthroplasty group at one year follow-up.

Conclusion: In elderly patients with fracture neck femur hemiarthroplasty takes less operative time, less blood loss per operatively and few complications postoperatively as compared to THR. The functional outcome at one year is better with THR as compared to hemiarthroplasty.

Keywords

Fracture neck femur, Gardenís classification

How to cite this article :

Vipin Sharma, Bhanu Awasthi, Krishna Kumar, Navneet Kohli, Punit Katoch. OUTCOME ANALYSIS OF HEMIARTHROPLASTY VS. TOTAL HIP REPLACEMENT IN DISPLACED FEMORAL NECK FRACTURES IN THE ELDERLY. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research [serial online] 2016 May [cited: 2018 Jul 21 ]; 10:RC11-RC13. Available from
http://www.jcdr.net/back_issues.asp?issn=0973-709x&year=2016&month=May&volume=10&issue=5&page=RC11-RC13&id=7877

DOI and Others

DOI: 10.7860/JCDR/2016/18638.7877



Date of Submission: Dec 31, 2015
Date of Peer Review: Feb 01, 2016
Date of Acceptance: Apr 02, 2016
Date of Publishing: May 01, 2016


Financial OR OTHER COMPETING INTERESTS: None.

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