Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, ISSN - 0973 - 709X

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Original article / research
Year : 2016 | Month : May | Volume : 10 | Issue : 5 | Page : OC08 - OC13

Self-Medication with Antibiotics among People Dwelling in Rural Areas of Sindh

Muhammad Bilal1, Abdul Haseeb, Mohammad Hassaan Khan, Mohammad Hussham Arshad, Asma Akbar Ladak, Sufyan Khan Niazi, Muhammad Daniyal Musharraf, Adil Al-Karim Manji

1. Faculty, Department of Medicine, Dow Medical College. Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi, Pakistan. 2. Faculty, Department of Medicine, Dow Medical College, Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi, Pakistan. 3. Faculty, Department of Medicine, Medical College, Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan. 4. Faculty, Department of Medicine, Medical College, Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan. 5. Pre-Medical Student, Department of Biological Sciences, The Lyceum, Karachi, Pakistan. 6. Pre-Medical Student, Department of Biological Sciences, The Lyceum, Karachi, Pakistan. 7. Pre-Medical Student, Department of Biological Sciences, Karachi Grammar School, Karachi, Pakistan. 8. Pre-Medical Student, Department of Biological Sciences, Karachi Grammar School, Karachi, Pakistan.

Correspondence Address :
Dr. Muhammad Bilal,
A/215, Gulshan e iqbal, Karachi, Pakistan.
E-mail: bilalmemon_744@hotmail.com

Abstract

Introduction: Self-medication with antibiotics is becoming increasingly common due to multiple factors. The public who are using these antibiotics generally do not have full information regarding their proper use, especially the dosages and possible side-effects. Hence, unregulated use of such medicines may cause dangerous adverse effects in the patients.

Aim: The study was aimed to evaluate the prevalence and practice of self-medication with antibiotics among people dwelling in the rural areas of province Sindh.

Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional survey was performed at Outpatient Department of Civil Hospital Karachi, from January to March 2015. Four hundred rural dwellers who lived in the outskirts of Karachi city area of province Sindh were recruited for the study in the aforementioned time period through non-probability convenience sampling.


Results: The investigation reported a prevalence of 81.25% among rural dwellers of Sindh with regards to self-medication of antibiotics. The most common reason behind self-medication were economic reasons (88.0%). Amoxicillin (52.0%) was found to be the most self-prescribed antibiotic. Majority of the participants (74.7%) didnít know about the phenomena of antibiotic resistance associated with inadequate use of antibiotics and only 25 subjects identified correctly that the situation would lead to increase resistance.

Conclusion: The self-medication rates with antibiotic are higher in rural areas of Sindh. There is an urgent need for the government to enforce stricter laws on pharmacies dispensing medications, especially antibiotics, without prescriptions. Lastly, provision of cost effective treatment from public sector can significantly reduce self-medication with antibiotics among rural dwellers of Sindh.

Keywords

Adverse effects, Antibiotics, Antibiotic resistance, Self-medication, Rural dwellers

How to cite this article :

Muhammad Bilal1, Abdul Haseeb, Mohammad Hassaan Khan, Mohammad Hussham Arshad, Asma Akbar Ladak, Sufyan Khan Niazi, et al.. SELF-MEDICATION WITH ANTIBIOTICS AMONG PEOPLE DWELLING IN RURAL AREAS OF SINDH. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research [serial online] 2016 May [cited: 2018 Apr 20 ]; 10:OC08-OC13. Available from
http://www.jcdr.net/back_issues.asp?issn=0973-709x&year=2016&month=May&volume=10&issue=5&page=OC08-OC13&id=7730

DOI and Others

DOI: 10.7860/JCDR/2016/18294.7730


Date of Submission: Dec 10, 2015
Date of Peer Review: Dec 28, 2015
Date of Acceptance: Feb 02, 2016
Date of Publishing: May 01, 2016

Financial OR OTHER COMPETING INTERESTS: None.

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