Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, ISSN - 0973 - 709X

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Original article / research
Year : 2016 | Month : May | Volume : 10 | Issue : 5 | Page : EC11 - EC16

Relevance of Haematologic Parameters in Obese Women with or without Metabolic Syndrome

Vijayashree Raghavan, Damini Gunasekar, Keshav Ramesh Rao

1. Professor and Head, Department of Pathology, Chettinad Hospital & Research Institute, Kelambakkam, Tamilnadu, India. 2. Student, Chettinad Hospital & Research Institute, Kelambakkam, Tamilnadu, India. 3. Professor, Department of Pathology, Chettinad Hospital & Research Institute, Kelambakkam, Tamilnadu, India.

Correspondence Address :
Dr. Keshav Ramesh Rao,
Professor, Department of Pathology, Chettinad Hospital and Research Institute,
Rajiv Gandhi Salai, Kelambakkam, Kanchipuram Dist-603103, Tamilnadu, India.
E-mail: rameshkrao@gmail.com

Abstract

Introduction: Obesity is rapidly growing problem worldwide. It predisposes to a variety of serious ailments including heart disease, diabetes mellitus, degenerative joint disease, atherosclerosis, etc. This is probably related to proinflammatory state associated with obesity due to release of several inflammatory mediators by the adipose tissue. The mediators are also probably responsible for metabolic syndrome associated with obesity. Besides, they may also induce significant changes in haematological parameters associated with inflammation.

Aim: Present study was undertaken to ascertain the relationship between obesity and leucocyte counts (particularly TLC and ANC) and find out if the changes induced in them are significant enough to be used as predictors of metabolic syndrome.

Materials and Methods: This case-control study was carried out on 243 female subjects allocated to four groups based on WHO and IDF criteria: Control, Overweight, Obese and Obese with Metabolic Syndrome. From all the subjects, data pertaining to obesity related anthropometric measurements, lipid profile, fasting plasma glucose levels and complete blood counts were collected. These were analysed statistically.

Results: There was a strong positive correlation between obesity related anthropometric measurements (BMI, BF, WC) and leucocyte counts TLC and ANC which were statistically highly significant; TNC and ANC also showed strong positive correlation with FPG. Mean values for TLC and ANC showed statistically significant difference between each and every group. The difference in the mean values of these parameters between obese and metabolic syndrome was highly significant. Both elevated FPG and BMI were independently associated with relative leucocytosis; when both of them were elevated simultaneously, the effect appeared to be potentiating.

Conclusion: Increase in obesity associated anthropometric measurements (BMI, WC, BF) is associated with relative leucocytosis within the physiological range. The changes in TLC and ANC are significant enough to be used as predictors of onset of metabolic syndrome in obese subjects.

Keywords

Absolute neutrophil count, Body mass index, Body fat content, Fasting plasma glucose, Obesity, Total leucocyte count, Total neutrophil count, Waist circumference

How to cite this article :

Vijayashree Raghavan, Damini Gunasekar, Keshav Ramesh Rao. RELEVANCE OF HAEMATOLOGIC PARAMETERS IN OBESE WOMEN WITH OR WITHOUT METABOLIC SYNDROME. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research [serial online] 2016 May [cited: 2018 Apr 27 ]; 10:EC11-EC16. Available from
http://www.jcdr.net/back_issues.asp?issn=0973-709x&year=2016&month=May&volume=10&issue=5&page=EC11-EC16&id=7732

DOI and Others

DOI: 10.7860/JCDR/2016/18779.7732

Date of Submission: Jan 09, 2016
Date of Peer Review: Feb 11, 2016
Date of Acceptance: Mar 04, 2016
Date of Publishing: May 01, 2016

Financial OR OTHER COMPETING INTERESTS: None.

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