Evaluation of Effect of Zirconia Surface Treatment, Using Plasma of Argon and Silane, on the Shear Bond Strength of Two Composite Resin Cements ZC39-ZC43
Dr. Aswathy Kaimal,
M R Ambedkar Dental College, E, 1/36 Cline Road Cooke Town, Bengaluru-560005, Karnataka, India.
Introduction: Yttria stabilised tetragonal zirconia opens new vistas for all ceramic restoration by the mechanism of transformation toughening, making it much stronger compared to all other ceramic materials. Currently, it is the most recent core material for all ceramic fixed partial dentures due to its ability to withstand high simulated masticatory loads. Problems which have been reported with zirconia restorations involve the core cement interface leading to loss of retention of the prosthesis. Different reasons which have been reported for the same include the lack of adhesion between zirconia and commonly used cements due to absence of silica phase which makes zirconia not etchable. In addition, the hydrophobic nature of zirconia causes low wettability of zirconia surface by the adhesive cements which are commonly used.
Aim: The purpose of this in vitro study was to compare and evaluate the effect of two pre-treatments of zirconia, using plasma of argon and silane, on the shear bond strength values of two composite resin cements to zirconia and to evaluate the failure pattern of the debonded areas using stereomicroscopic analysis.
Materials And Methods: Sixty zirconia discs (10 mm×2 mm) were randomly divided into three groups (n=20), following surface treatment, with airborne particle abrasion, using 110 µm Al2O3: Group I (control), Group II (plasma of argon cleaning), and Group III (application of silane primer). Each group had two subgroups based on the type of resin cement used for bonding: subgroup A; Rely X Ultimate (3M ESPE) and subgroup B; Panavia F (Kuraray). In subgroup A, Rely X universal silane primer and in subgroup B Clearfil ceramic primer was used. Shear bond strengths were determined after water storage for one day and thermocycling for 5000 cycles. Data (megapascal) were analyzed using ANOVA and Bonferroni test. Specimens were subjected to stereomicroscopic analysis, for evaluation of failure pattern.
Results: Group III produced the highest shear bond strength followed by Group II and Group I. Subgroup A showed higher shear bond strength than Subgroup B. Stereomicroscopic analysis showed cohesive failure in Group III, while in Group I adhesive failure was seen.
Conclusion: Silane primer application caused maximum increase in shear bond strength due to increased wettability. Argon plasma treatment was less effective in comparison to silane treatment. Air abrasion when used alone resulted in lower bond strength values, thereby making it necessary to use a combination of surface treatments. Rely X Ultimate cement was superior to Panavia F in terms of adhesive bonding to zirconia.