Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, ISSN - 0973 - 709X

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Original article / research
Table of Contents - Year : 2017 | Month : May | Volume : 11 | Issue : 5 | Page : BC09 - BC12

Retrospective Comparison of Estimated GFR using 2006 MDRD, 2009 CKD-EPI and Cockcroft-Gault with 24 Hour Urine Creatinine Clearance BC09-BC12

B. Vinodh Kumar, Thuthi Mohan

Correspondence
Dr. B. Vinodh Kumar,
1990, H-14, Sai Sahara Complex, 12th Main Road, 5th Street, Anna Nagar, Chennai-600040, Tamil Nadu, India.
E-mail: drvinodh87@gmail.com

Introduction: The assessment of Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR) is essential for clinical practice in assessing kidney function, drug dosing, detecting and estimating the prognosis of Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD). The most common practical method for assessing GFR is performed with a 24 hour/timed urine collection for creatinine clearance evaluation. The estimation of eGFR by creatinine based formulae is known to be a rapid and reliable means of approximation of creatinine clearance.

Aim: To compare eGFR using three commonly used Formulae {Modification of Diet in Renal Disease Study Equation (MDRD 2006), Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-EPI 2009) and Cockcroft-Gault Formula} with 24 hour creatinine clearance and to identify which amongst the 3 formulae for eGFR closely correlates with 24 hour creatinine clearance in a secondary care hospital.

Materials and Methods: We retrospectively collected laboratory data requested for 24 hour creatinine clearance in the period from January 2014 to August 2016. Totally 91 laboratory request for 24 hour creatinine clearance data were obtained. The paired-t-test was used for comparison since all parameters used in the study were numerical, all patients came from same population and all had paired results.

Results:The eGFR by MDRD formulae had a statistically insignificant p-value (p > 0.05) i.e., good approximation in the IInd, IIIrd, IVth and Vth stages of CKD on comparison with 24 hour creatinine clearance. The eGFR by CKD-EPI formulae had a statistically insignificant p-value (p > 0.05) in the IInd, IVth and Vth stages of CKD. The eGFR by Cockcroft-Gault Formulae had a statistically insignificant p-value (p > 0.05) in the Ist, IInd and Vth stages of CKD.

Conclusion: The Creatinine based GFR estimation provides a more accurate assessment of 24 hour creatinine clearance and kidney function than measuring serum creatinine alone but have certain limitations in few clinical circumstances. No single equation will be optimal for all populations. But the result of this study showed MDRD 2006 formulae to be more accurate than CKD-EPI 2009 and Cockcroft-Gault formulae in estimating GFR, detection of CKD, drug dosing and estimating prognosis.