Level of Satisfaction Among People Living with HIV (PLHIV) Attending the HIV Clinic of Tertiary Care Center in Southern India OC08-OC10
Dr. Deepak Madi,
Associate Professor, Department of General Medicine, KMC, Attavar (Affiliated to Manipal University),
Mangalore -575001, Karnataka, India.
Introduction: Patient satisfaction is an important issue for the health care sector. Hospitals routinely collect patient satisfaction data so that they can improve the quality of their services. There is a dearth of research in the field of satisfaction among people living with HIV (PLHIV) in India.
Aim: The aim of our study was to determine the level of satisfaction among PLHIV attending the HIV clinic of tertiary health centre in Southern India.
Materials and Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study was done in the HIV clinic attached to Kasturba Medical College (KMC) Hospital, Mangalore, India from August 2012 - August 2013. PLHIV of age more than 18 years were included. During the study period 422 consecutive patients who consented for the study were enrolled. To determine patient satisfaction towards healthcare service, we used the Short Form Patient Satisfaction Questionnaire (PSQ-18). Data was analysed using SPSS Version 11.5 statistical software.
Results: A total of 422 patients were included in the study out of whom 253(60%) were males and 169(40%) were females. Mean age of the patients was 37.08±7.2 years. The median CD4 count was 345 cells/mm3 (IQR 245-451.2). The mean score for general satisfaction was 4.43±0.48, for technical quality 4.77±0.26, for interpersonal manner 4.59±0.4, for communication 4.64±0.42, for financial aspects 3.20±0.78), for accessibility and convenience 4.50±0.72 and for time spent with the doctor was 4.59±0.45. Subscale scores for general satisfaction, technical quality, accessibility, interpersonal manner, finance and communication were higher in females when compared to males which were found to be statistically significant. Younger PLHIV (= 35 years) had significantly higher scores in technical quality, interpersonal manner and time spent with the doctor when compared to older PLHIV.
Conclusion: Patient satisfaction was highest for technical quality and it was lowest for financial aspects. If hospitals wish to improve the quality of health services they should give priority to decreasing costs and improving accessibility.